Laboratory of seed-research and plant protection

Мain directions of scientific research:

а) Creation and development of Seed bank of the natural flora of Kazakhstan.

In the controlled conditions of Kazakhstan;

b) Phytosanitary monitoring of seed material and collection fund of introduced plants.

The number of employees were 14 persons, of them: doctors-2, candidates-2, PhD-1, masters-9:

The head of the laboratory –Tansara Murzatayeva, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences;

Chief Scientific Researcher – Gulnara Sitpayeva, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Academic of Kaz-NANS;

Chief Researcher – Issa Baytulin, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, аcademic of NAS RK, Honored Scientist of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

Lead Scientific Researcher – Balsheker Valiyeva, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Phytopathologist;

Researcher – Dariya Satybaldiyeva, PhD, biologist;

Junior Researchers:

Dagarova Shynar – PhD-student, geobotanist;

Dukenbayeva Bagdat – Master of Technical Sciences, biotechnologist;

Zhumakhan Yerbolat – Master of Technical Sciences, biotechnologist;

Yelubayeva Aigerim – Master of Natural Sciences, geobotanist;

Inerbayeva Saniya – Master of Natural Sciences, biologist;

Zhumagaliyeva Altynay – Master of Technical Sciences and Technology, chemical technology of inorganic substances;

Kenzhebekova Nursulu – Agricultural scientist, Agrochemist, Soil specialist;

Мugan Ardak – Master of Technical Sciences, biotechnologist;

Sypabekkyzy Gulnaz – Master of Natural Sciences, geobotanist.

The group of seed raising was organized in 1932. Its employees worked on the development of the exchange fund of (with botanical gardens, arboretums and botanical establishments of other countries), the determination of the quality and germinating ability of seeds, the collection, preservation, inventory of seeds, the publication of indexes of seeds.

Since 2013 on the initiative of Sitpayeva G.T. in the framework of the scientific-purpose program “Botanical diversity of wild relatives of cultivated plants of Kazakhstan as a source of enrichment and preservation of agrobiodiversity gene pool for realization of the Food program” it was created a new laboratory «Laboratory of seed research and plant protection» and under her guidance first time in Kazakhstan, work has begun on the creation of the  Seed Bank of the natural flora of Kazakhstan. The main of task – is the preservation of genetic diversity of the wild flora of Kazakhstan.

In the creation of seed bank it were used the international experiences of such countries as Russia (All -Russian Institute of Plant Industry named after N.I. Vavilov), Hungary (Pannon Seed Bank), Korea (National Institute of Biological Resources), France (Lyon Botanical Garden).

Seed Bank of the natural flora of Kazakhstan were  equipped  with the necessary a modern scientific equipment and with necessary devices. Specially equipped refrigeration room, which total volume consist of 36 m3 (cubic meters), the storage temperature is +4°С and there is an active (short term) collection. The basic (long -term) collection is stored in special fridges the temperature - 18°С.

The drying room is equipped with Munters ML420 system.

The viability test of seeds germination was carried out on Jacobsen table.

As at 01.08.2017 more than 2500 samples of seeds of 548 species (food plants – 119 species, fodder plants – 135 species, medicinal – 263 and other –31 species) of 67 families.

An important stage of research and the work for the development of the Bank is the entomological and phytopathological analysis of seeds of natural flora of Kazakhstan at preliminary stages of storage, cleaning and drying of seeds. As a result of analysis it were identified 46 species of pest insects, hurting of seeds of feeder plants. In this connection practical recommendations were developed for a more extended preservation of seeds.

During the period from 2013 to 2017 an assessment of field resistance of cultivar clones of Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. to apple disease (Apple scab) from Іli-Alatau and Jungar Alatau.

The phytosanitary monitoring of resistance of plant introduced to pests and diseases in State botanical gardens of Kazakhstan (Main botanical gardens, Zheskazgan and Ili botanical gardens). As a result it were identified the most dangerous insect pests, phytopathogenic fungi, causing illnesses in plants. It has been established that the import of planting materials the import of pests and plant illnesses is carried out.

Prospects for development of the laboratory

1.     Replenishment of Bank collections, especially the seeds of rare plant, endemic and collections valuable plant species especially commercially direction;

2.     Anatomical and morphological research of seeds and to prepare  edition series Аtlases of natural flora seeds of Kazakhstan;

3.     The development of cryconservation for preserving fruit and berry cultures. Creation of active (IVAG) in vitro and basic (IVBG) collections;

4.     Development of phytosanitary research of seed materials, monitoring of harmful organisms of introduced plants and measures of combatting them.